Many women experience tender breasts at some point in their life. It can be caused by many reasons, the majority being of a hormonal nature. When this happens, the breasts can feel sore when you touch them or when you move around, and they feel heavier and/or fuller.
Breast tenderness is one of the signs of pregnancy but can also be an indication that you are ovulating. Further complicating the matter, tender breasts can likewise be a symptom of PMS.
Since pregnancy, ovulation and PMS all trigger the release of hormones into the body, all three conditions can affect your breasts. To find out which of these conditions is causing your breast tenderness, you must take into account other symptoms, the type of soreness you are experiencing and your menstrual cycle.
Type and Location of Soreness
Ovulation often causes pain or soreness on the sides of your breasts . If pregnancy is the reason for the tenderness, your breasts will have a strong sensation of fullness or heaviness. This pain would also be felt throughout the entire breast and not just on the sides. In some women, tenderness or soreness in the breasts can be the first symptoms they experience of pregnancy and the breast are sensitive and tender to touch.
However, this is not a reliable way to tell that you’re pregnant, as breast tenderness can be caused by other reasons. If you suspect that you’re pregnant and are feeling breast tenderness, be sure to see a doctor.
Breast Tenderness from PMS
Many women experience breast pain or tenderness from PMS, which typically happens in the days leading up to the start of their period. A good indicator that PMS is the issue causing your breast tenderness is the timing of your period.
This is why it’s always good to keep track of your menstrual cycle. There are actually smartphone applications available that can help you easily keep track of your menstruation and even ovulation. You’ll be able to make a note of any pain you are experiencing, moodiness or any other issues. Knowing all these things can be helpful in determining the reason behind your breast tenderness.
Breast Tenderness and Pregnancy
Aside from tenderness, other changes in the breasts can help you determine whether you’re pregnant, ovulating, or experiencing PMS. For pregnant women, their areola and the surrounding nipple tissue may show a change in color or tone . Again, a color change in this area is typically only found in women who are pregnant.
The size of the areola can also be an indication that you’re carrying a child since pregnancy can sometimes cause the veins in the chest to become larger and more pronounced. All these changes are a sign of pregnancy, not ovulation or PMS.
Pregnancy is a common cause of breast tenderness, but just because you have breast tenderness, doesn’t mean you can automatically assume you are pregnant. There are many more indicators, including some typical early indicators that can give you an idea you’re pregnant.
These signs can include increased frequency of urination, abdominal cramps, back pain, moodiness, aversion to certain types of foods, increased sensitivity to odors and high basal temperature. When pregnancy occurs, the body is flooded with hormones, which can cause all the above symptoms as well as tender breasts.
If a woman is trying to get pregnant, she will want to know when she is ovulating. You can monitor your body temperature and cervix to get a clearer indication of when ovulation occurs for you.
Other indicators can include changes in the texture or color of cervical mucous, abdominal pain and an increased sex drive. Many women start ovulating at about the halfway point through their menstrual cycle. This point typically occurs from a few days to a week or more after the last day of her period. The ovulation cycle can be quite varied from woman to woman, so checking other indicators is important for accuracy in detecting ovulation.
There are also ovulation prediction tests now available that can help you to predict your ovulation. These tests are quite inexpensive and will test you for a particular type of hormone that surges during a day or so before ovulation starts. Using a test like this can vastly improve the accuracy of your ovulation predictions.
Other Causes of Breast Tenderness
Though pregnancy, ovulation and PMS are the most common causes of breast tenderness, they are not the only causes. In fact, in teenage boys and girls, the start of puberty can cause breast tenderness. Breastfeeding can also cause this type of breast pain and discomfort. Women who are nearing menopause can also experience breast tenderness or pain.
Medication use can also contribute to breast pain and tenderness. Those who take antidepressants, for example, can experience these symptoms as a side effect of their medication.
Those who take oral birth control pills or undergo infertility treatments may also experience breast tenderness, as well as older women who are past the menopause stage and are going through estrogen and progesterone hormone therapies.
Fatty acid imbalance in breast cells is another culprit. It makes the breast tissue more sensitive to hormones, which can result to the feeling of pain tenderness. Women who have undergone breast surgery in the past are also prone to breast tenderness, even when their incisions are already healed.
Smoking is known to increase epinephrine levels in the breast tissue. This can make a woman’s breasts hurt.
Sometimes breast pain isn’t because of your breasts, but because of irritation of the chest, arms, or back muscles. This is common if you’ve engaged in activities such as raking, rowing, shoveling, and waterskiing.
Tietze’s syndrome is another condition which can be mistaken for breast pain and is a rare, inflammatory disorder characterized by chest pain and swelling of the cartilage of one or more of the upper ribs (costochondral junction), specifically where the ribs attach to the breastbone (sternum). 
Breast cysts can likewise contribute to tenderness as well as pain. Some cysts are palpable and can be easily felt when you perform a breast examination. They can be hard or soft, and they may move about when you push them gently with your fingers. Breast cysts are usually not cancerous, but because of the pain and discomfort they cause, you might want to have them surgically removed.
Another possible cause of breast tenderness is fibroadenoma. This is a tumor of the milk glands and can be noticed when performing a breast exam. It’s usually firm and can be moved around, although it doesn’t usually cause pain.
Many women who experience breast tenderness and pain immediately fear that they have breast cancer. But, according to experts, these symptoms don’t automatically indicate that cancer cells are present. In most cases, the tenderness is caused by other symptoms, like those listed above. Still, if you have any concerns about your health, it’s important to see your doctor ASAP.
No matter the reason you think you are experiencing breast tenderness, be sure to talk to your doctor if you notice anything unusual or new occurring with your body. This way, you can determine what’s causing the symptoms you experience and get the appropriate treatment right away or at least be assured that what you’re experiencing is normal.
- 6 signs that you may be pregnant > https://www.livingandloving.co.za/pregancy-blogs/6-signs-that-you-may-be-pregnant
Hello usually my nipples are painful two weeks before period but this time all my breasts are too painful to touch. The lower , upper and sides of my breasts including the nipples is painful it’s like I am burning or a constant stinging sensation. My hands are now feeling the pain too I have slight stomach cramps.
Hi Jo, Please see your doctor, especially when your hands are feeling the pain as well.
My period started October 27th. My Husband and I made love November 10th and 11th. On yesterday the 14th of November, i started to feel heaviness in my breast. and cramping in my lower right back.
could this be it? I just cant wait till the time to test.
Hello Debbs, wishing you all the best, however the best time to take a pregnancy test is 7 days after a missed period.
Started my period on 25th July, 8th August positive LH SURGE, have had love making every other day. 12th August breast fullness and soreness. Today 13th slight Abdominal cramps and very sore back.
Me an hubby have been TTC for 18months. Numerous gyno appointmemts, & 5 MC ..
hoping this is our time, and we can have our little bundle of joy.
Jus wanting to be able to talk to someone. It’s a long wait between ovulation and the time you can test.
Thankyou for listening
Hi Missy! Best wishes to you and your husband for getting that much wanted baby. As they say “sticky baby dust” coming your way.
I don’t know what is going on i started my period on the 15/07/18.and on the 24/07/18. I Started feeling breast pain and on the 09/08/18 I started my period what is body trepurt. is not like every day
Hi Barbra, I’m a little confused as to what you are trying to say although it seems you are not used to having breast pain during your period or before. It could be PMS. That’s highly likely, unless there is a change that you are pregnant. Then it could be the first sign of pregnancy for you. I would wait until after your are supposed to get your period and if you do then it is a sign of PMS, if not, take a pregnancy test.
Hello, my husband and I been trying to get pregnant & I did get my period twice on June 30 and then again July 27th but I only had it for 2 days and I usually get it for 4 days. Since I’ve been having vaginal discharge & spotting also my breast feel so much fuller. I took a test and it’s negative. I’m not late on my period I should get it around August 24 and I’m getting these symptoms.
Hi Nicole, I would recommend waiting until you miss your period to take another test. Good luck.
Hello I had unprotected sex on 7th day of my periods, & started seeing cervical mucus on 13th day, on 20th day I started having breast pain , can this be pregnancy?
Hi Harmony, unless you have a really short cycle, you most likely wouldn’t get pregnant during your period. You could be experiencing ovulation.
Hello, I normally experience breast pain and abdominal pain a week to my period. Please can I get pregnant during this time.
Hello Rebecca, unprotected sex at anytime can lead to pregnancy.
Hello, my husband and I had unprotected sex 5 days after my period which is may 8th, I ovulated on May 24th but have had unprotected sex every other day from the 8th to the 24th. WE ARE TRYING FOR BABY! It’s two weeks until my period and I’ve been experiencing breast pain, I typically have breast pain a week before my period not two weeks. Not sure if I’m experiencing pms? This was our first 2 month trying.
Hello Paige, the best time to test for pregnancy is 7 days after a missed period. I hope you are pregnant!